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APSA Responsible Parties Project, 1950-2000:

"Toward a More Responsible Two-Party System," the celebrated and controversial report of the American Political Science Association's Committee on Political Parties.  This report issued a frontal assault on the suitability of American political parties for a modern, activist state. The POP program to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the APSA "Responsible Parties" report was held at the 2000 APSA meeting in Washington DC.  POP appreciates the support of the following sponsors: APSA, Bliss Institute, Committee for Party Renewal, The Center for American Politics and Citizenship, and The Pew Charitable Trusts.  Following are links to conference information.

  Conference Paper Drafts
  Celebration Volume

Click here to  Download the Report

Download the Report:

The files listed below have been made available courtesy of JSTOR, APSA, the Academy for Political Science, the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR), and Heldref Publishing

Viewing and Download Instructions:  The following documents are in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format.  Free copies of Acrobat Reader for either Windows or Macintosh systems are available at the Adobe website.  For PC users, left-clicking on the links below will either download the file to your computer or load the file, depending on your setup; right-clicking on the file name will allow you to save the file to disk without viewing it immediately. For Macintosh users, click and hold down your mouse button to get the equivalent of the right-click options for PC users. 

APSA Report: 

"Toward a More Responsible Two-Party System: A Report of the Committee on Political Parties" (1950). APSR, Vol. 44, No. 3, Part 2,Supplement. 

US House DW-Nominate Scores

(Graphic courtesy of Keith Poole)

Commentaries (in chronological order): 

Julius Turner (1951). "Responsible Parties: A Dissent from the Floor," APSR, Vol. 45: 143-152. 

Austin Ranney (1951). "Toward A More Responsible Two-Party System: A Commentary," APSR, Vol. 45: 488-499. 

George B. Galloway (1951). "The Operation of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946," APSR, Vol. 45: 41-68. 

Samuel J. Eldersveld (1952). "The Independent Vote: Measurement, Characteristics, and Implications for Party Strategy," APSR, Vol. 46: 732-753. 

J. Roland Pennock (1952). "Responsiveness, Responsibility, and Majority Rule," APSR, Vol. 46: 790-807. 

Francis W. Coker (1953). "Some Present-Day Critics of Liberalism," APSR, Vol. 47: 1-27. 

Austin Ranney and Willmoore Kendall (1954). "The American Party Systems," APSR, Vol. 48: 477-485. 

Leon D. Epstein (1956). "British Mass Parties in Comparison with American Parties," Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 71: 97-125. 

Frederick C. Engelmann (1957). "A Critique of Recent Writings on Political Parties," Journal of Politics, Vol. 19: 423-440. 

Herbert McClosky, Paul J. Hoffmann, and Rosemary O'Hara (1960). "Issue Conflict and Consensus Among Party Leaders and Followers," APSR, Vol. 54: 406-427. 

Donald E. Stokes and Warren E. Miller (1962). "Party Government and the Saliency of Congress," Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 26: 531-546. 

Harvey C. Mansfield Jr. (1965). "Whether Party Government is Inevitable," Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 80: 517-542. 

Evron M. Kirkpatrick (1971). "'Toward A More Responsible Two-Party System': Political Science, Policy Science, or Pseudo-Science?" APSR, Vol. 65: 965-990. 

Gerald M. Pomper (1971). "Toward a More Responsible Two-Party System? What, Again?" Journal of Politics, Vol. 33: 916-940. 

J. Roland Pennock (1972). "Comments on Gerald M. Pomper's 'Toward a More Responsible Two-Party System? What, Again?'" Journal of Politics, Vol. 34: 952-955. 

George W. Carey and James McClellan (1976). "Towards the Restoration of the American Political Tradition," Journal of Politics, Vol. 38, No. 3, 200 Years of the Republic in Retrospect: A Special Bicentennial Issue: 110-127. 

William S. Livingston (1976). "Britain and America: The Institutionalization of Accountability," Journal of Politics, Vol. 38: 879-894. 

Gerald M. Pomper (1977). "The Decline of the Party in American Elections," Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 92: 21-41. 

Leon D. Epstein (1980). "What Happened to the British Party Model?" APSR, Vol. 74: 9-22. 

John F. Zipp (1985). "Perceived Representatives and Voting: An Assessment of the Impact of 'Choices' vs. 'Echoes,'" APSR, Vol. 79: 50-61. 

Everett Carll Ladd (1987). "Party Reform and the Public Interest," Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 102: 355-369. 

James L. Sundquist (1988-89). "Needed: A Political Theory for the New Era of Coalition Government in the United States," Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 103: 613-635. 

Paul T. David (1992). "The APSA Committee on political parties: Some reconsiderations of its work and significance," Perspectives on Political Science, Vol. 21, Iss. 2 (Spring), pp. 70-9. 

Paul S. Herrnson (1992). "Why the United States does not have responsible parties," Perspectives on Political Science, Vol. 21, Iss. 2 (Spring), pp. 91-8. 

John Kenneth White (1992). "Responsible party government in America," Perspectives on Political Science, Vol. 21, Iss. 2 (Spring), pp. 80-90.